Luke 23:33-43


What sort of Saviour can't even save himself? "IF you are the Messiah...?" The word "if" gets us thinking - or rather doubting. It shifts us from relating with Jesus to reasoning about him; from love to logic; from our hearts to our heads. But salvation is not about changing bad circumstances to good ones - coming down off a cross. Salvation is knowing and trusting without a shred of doubt, without a second's hesitation that we abide in God's love - no matter what the circumstances - even on a cross.

Year C
Reign of Christ  or  Christ the King Sunday

Sunday Between November 20 and November 26 Inclusive

Proper 29, Ordinary Time 34

Read the passage at the bottom of this post: Luke 23:33-43, The Message   or   Luke 23:33-43, The New Revised Standard Version (NRSV).

Permission is granted for non-profit use of these materials. Acknowledgement in oral presentations is not required. Otherwise, please acknowledge source as, "David Ewart,"


This lesson, chosen for Christ the King / The Reign of Christ Sunday, seems to be chosen as a deliberate counter-point to the temptation to rush to a quick and easy, "Christ the all-powerful King will rescue you from all physical hardships, and prevent any bad things from happening to you," type of sermons.

Indeed, the question that cries out from the page is, "If Jesus can't save himself, how can he save us?"

The taunting of the leaders, soldiers and the one criminal: "If you are the King / Messiah, save yourself," are all part of the humiliation of Jesus that is intended not only to kill him physically, but to also kill him "inspirationally." That is, to make sure that all hopes and dreams that the crowds had begun to place in Jesus were also terminated. This will be a shameful death; an excruciating death; a degrading death. His followers will not be able to glory in his noble death as a martyr for their cause.

Their taunting reveals a new found sense of confidence. Finally they can challenge Jesus publicly and he will not have a parable or question that will only further embarrass them; further prove their powerlessness before him. They are demonstrating THEIR power and authority is now THE power and authority, and folks had better start paying attention to what THEY say, and forget about this Jesus fellow.

The sign over Jesus' head might just as well have said:

Look what we did to Jesus
Imagine what we will do to you

So. Why doesn't Jesus save himself?

He's done some pretty amazing miracles in the past. Why doesn't he just climb down from the cross? Or even, at a minimum, why doesn't he have some witty remark to once again rebut the taunting? He has always bested his opponents in the past, why not now?

What sort of Saviour can't even save himself? How can this be good news?

A couple of things from Jesus' past complicate any easy response.

First, we know that Jesus does not "do" miracles on demand. That's because Jesus was not a miracle worker. That is, the core of his purpose was not to "do" miracles. Jesus "does" miracles only as natural signs of the real presence of the Kingdom of God being really "at hand." In other words, Jesus is not an entertainer. Jesus is not here to amuse and amaze.

Second, Jesus has already dealt with this taunt way back in Luke 4:9-13:

Then the devil took (Jesus) to Jerusalem, and placed him on a high pinnacle of the temple saying, "If you are the son of God, throw yourself down from here, for it is written:

'He will command his angels, concerning you, to protect you,' and

'On their hands they will bear you up, so that you will not dash your foot against a stone.'

Jesus answered him, "It is said, 'Do not put the Lord your God to the test.'" When the devil had finished every test, he departed from him until an opportune time.

The taunting of Jesus on the cross is actually a temptation; a temptation to mis-understand and mis-use the nature of God and of Jesus' relationship with God.

And it is a temptation that is contained in the one sneaky little word, "If." "IF you are the Messiah ..." raises the hidden possibility that maybe you're not. The word, "if," raises questions and doubts about the true nature of God and of Jesus' relationship with God and demands an immediate, conclusive, answer. It gets us thinking - or rather, doubting. And it shifts us from relating with Jesus to reasoning about him; from love to logic; from our hearts to our heads:

If Jesus really is the son of God, why doesn't he save himself? What does it mean to believe in a Saviour who doesn't save himself?

All of us would very much like to have a saviour who would come to the rescue, kill the bad guys, cure the disease, end the injustice, and solve every painful circumstance. But that's not the kind of saviour Jesus is.

Salvation is not an event. It is not a miracle that rescues us from pain. Salvation is a relationship. It is an intimate, true and trusting loving of God. It has nothing to do with circumstances. Are you rolling in clover? Great. But how is your relationship with God? Are you in the midst of an excruciating death? Terrible. But how is your relationship with God?

And relationships are about loving commitments not logical convictions. We persist in relationships, not because they are logical and reasonable, but because we are committed to constructive connections that ground the very core of our being; that provide the hope for health, and growth into maturity; for wholeness and well-being.

The salvation of Jesus is not about miraculous changing of circumstances - climbing down off crosses, etc. The salvation of Jesus is about a relation - God's relationship with us - that endures, survives and persists through all circumstances. And, I believe, brings us finally to Paradise - a final circumstance that ends all circumstances; and instead brings us finally, fully and freely into a relationship of healing, reconciliation, justice and lasting peace and joy.

Truth be told, many days I'd rather have the miracle, but unfortunately, all God offers is unending grace and love.

David Ewart,,
Short, easy to use, faith inspiring explanations of the meaning of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John for your sermon, homily, bible study, or reflection.

Note: Historical background information is primarily from Bruce Malina and Richard Rohrbaugh, Social Science Commentary on the Synoptic Gospels, pages 320-321; and the writings of Amy-Jill Levine, et. al.

Luke 23:33-43 (NRSV)

   33 When they came to the place that is called The Skull, they crucified Jesus there with the criminals, one on his right and one on his left. 34 [Then Jesus said, "Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing."] And they cast lots to divide his clothing. 35 And the people stood by, watching; but the leaders scoffed at him, saying, "He saved others; let him save himself if he is the Messiah of God, his chosen one!" 36 The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him sour wine, 37 and saying, "If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!" 38 There was also an inscription over him, "This is the King of the Jews."

   39 One of the criminals who were hanged there kept deriding him and saying, "Are you not the Messiah? Save yourself and us!" 40 But the other rebuked him, saying, "Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41 And we indeed have been condemned justly, for we are getting what we deserve for our deeds, but this man has done nothing wrong." 42 Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom." 43 He replied, "Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in Paradise."

New Revised Standard Version Bible, copyright 1989, Division of Christian Education of the National Council of the Churches of Christ in the United States of America. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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Luke 23:33-43 (The Message)

   33 When they got to the place called Skull Hill, they crucified him, along with the criminals, one on his right, the other on his left.

   34 Jesus prayed, "Father, forgive them; they don't know what they're doing."

       Dividing up his clothes, they threw dice for them. 35 The people stood there staring at Jesus, and the ringleaders made faces, taunting, "He saved others. Let's see him save himself! The Messiah of God—ha! The Chosen—ha!"

   36 The soldiers also came up and poked fun at him, making a game of it. They toasted him with sour wine: 37 "So you're King of the Jews! Save yourself!"

   38 Printed over him was a sign: THIS IS THE KING OF THE JEWS.

   39 One of the criminals hanging alongside cursed him: "Some Messiah you are! Save yourself! Save us!"

   40 But the other one made him shut up: "Have you no fear of God? You're getting the same as him. 41 We deserve this, but not him—he did nothing to deserve this."

   42 Then he said, "Jesus, remember me when you enter your kingdom."

   43 He said, "Don't worry, I will. Today you will join me in paradise."

Scripture quotations from THE MESSAGE. Copyright © by Eugene H. Peterson 1993, 1994, 1995, 1996, 2000, 2001, 2002. Used by permission of NavPress Publishing Group.

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